What is Valium 5mg?
Valium 5mg is a yellow-colored round-shaped tablet containing 5mg of active ingredient diazepam. Excipients of Valium 5mg tablets include corn starch, lactose, pregelatinized starch, calcium stearate, and FD&C Yellow No. 6 and D&C Yellow No. 10 as color additives.
Valium is an anticonvulsant and a derivative of benzodiazepine drug class.
What is the use of Valium?
Valium 5mg tablets are useful for the treatment of:
- Alcohol withdrawal
- Muscle spasm
- Premedication in endoscopic procedures (adjunct treatment)
- Preoperative sedation
- Seizure disorder
How is it used?
Anxiety: Give 2mg to 10mg, two to four times a day, as needed.
Alcohol withdrawal: Give 10mg three to four times in the first 24 hours, reduce to 5mg given three to four times daily.
Muscle spasm: Give 2mg to 10mg three to four times a day.
Premedication in endoscopy: Give 5mg to 20mg as required as a premedication.
Preoperational sedative: Give 5mg to 20mg as oral medication before the surgery.
Seizure disorder: Give 2mg to 10mg two to four times daily.
Geriatric or debilitated patients: Give 2mg to 2.5mg one to two times a day when initiating, gradually increasing the doses as tolerated and needed by the patient.
What are the common side effects of Valium 5mg?
The most common side effects of Valium include:
- Slurred speech
- Skin reactions
- Urinary retention